The demand of “Personal and Household Services” (PHS) – which covers a broad range of activities that contribute to the well-being of families and individuals at home – has significantly increased and so too has the role of care workers.

Employment in the home care sector is characterized by a high level of informality, a significant presence of a migrant and female workforce, low visibility of their work, which is often done in private spaces, and weak associational power.

Following the growth in demand, the public offer of services is not adequate to meet it, leaving extensive room for private actors to manoeuvre within a newly marketized regime of long-term care delivery. The increased level of marketisation and privatisation of the sector, the fragility of working conditions and the growing complexity of social needs to be answered have contributed to deeply redesign the welfare systems in the different models of capitalism. The emergence of digital platforms represents a new driving force that is intertwined with these processes. Digital platforms, as novel forms of organization, act as private regulators, creating their own institutional and societal embeddedness.


This project analyses the role of digital platforms in the ongoing transformations of the home care sector

identifying the specificities of their organizational model with respect to both traditional organizations in the sector and platforms present in other sectors, the consequences on working conditions, the needs for social protection and representation of interests, and the innovative strategies of social actors to respond to these needs.

The research is carried out in Denmark, France, Ireland, Italy, the Netherlands and Spain through the following methodologies: the comparative analysis of the role, funding strategies and organization patterns of home care within each welfare systems; the mapping and the case studies of home care platforms and of innovative strategies for collective action.

View our reports
ue-logo Funded by DG Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion - EMPL.A – Employment and Social Governance “Improving expertise in the field of industrial relations – SOCPL-2022-IND-REL-01"

Grant Agreement number: 101126007